As in the rest of the world, India’s main power grid is based on alternating current (AC). This AC current is supplied to consumers at different voltages depending on their demand and type of loads. This saves in transmission losses but the infrastructure for voltage step-up and step-down comes at a cost and so grid power has not been able to reach distant villages and hamlets. The growth in solar power technology and decrease in cost of solar power systems has come up as a solution for this problem. Recent years, has seen growth of Direct Current (DC) Solar microgrids in India, particularly in villages. This article, examines the potential of Solar microgrids in context of India.
Different Components of Solar Power System
A solar power plant directly connected to the home/enterprise and to the traditional electric utility grid.
Solar power systems inter-tied with the grid allows the consumer to get power from either the solar power plant or the utility grid. Switching between the solar and the grid is uniform in nature.
Solar Farms are developed to generate Electricity at a Huge Scale using solar panels to power thousands of Houses and Businesses. These Solar Farms feeds power to electrical grid. These Solar Farms can be between 1 acre to 100 acre, usually found in urban areas. These are also known as Solar parks or Solar fields. Solar farms does no harm to the nature, it is eco-friendly.